This routine works best with women, teenagers, and timid men. He is frequently a daredevil who compensates for his anxiety by pretending that there is no such thing as danger. (7). Suspicion against a single cellmate may sometimes be broken down if he shows the source a hidden microphone that he has "found" and suggests that they talk only in whispers at the other end of the room. He thought being a Superguardian was all he’d ever wanted, his father replies. In either event, a couple of interrogators, with or without the "informer", now emerge from the inner office. This book's primary value for the interrogator is that it will make him aware of a number of elements in the responses of an interrogatee which are not directly related to the questions asked or the interrogation setting but are instead the product of (or are at least influenced by) all questioning that the subject has undergone earlier, especially as a child. It may be literally a matter of seconds, or it may be a drawn-out, up-hill battle. ", The accused, finally, is pushed far enough along the path toward confession that it is easier for him to keep going than to turn back. A person pretending madness awakens in a professional examiner not only suspicion but also a desire to expose the fraud, whereas a well person who pretends to be concealing mental illness and who permits only a minor symptom or two to peep through is much likelier to create in the expert a desire to expose the hidden sickness. If two or more interrogation sources are suspected of joint complicity in acts directed against U.S. security, they should be separated immediately. Separation permits the use of a number of techniques that would not be possible otherwise. Identifying a victim’s sense of self and then stripping it away is part of the first step toward breaking … Such facts as are available suggest that the latter have a slight advantage. 1/2 line deleted site organized and equipped for interrogation and those whose interrogation will be completed by the base or station with which contact is first established. The room in which the interrogation is to be conducted should be free of distractions. (p. But as the process continues, day after day if necessary, the subject begins to try to make sense of the situation, which becomes mentally intolerable. It is true that American psychologists have devoted somewhat more attention to Communist interrogation techniques, particularly "brainwashing", than to U. S. practices. 1/3 line deleted]. To attain rapport, the interrogator should be friendly. The outer-and-inner office routine may also be employed. Free shipping for many products! Detention poses the most common of the legal problems. Other definitions have been included despite a common agreement about meaning if the significance is shaded by the context. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. (Orne had previously pointed out that this technique requires that the interrogator possess significant information about the subject without the subject's knowledge.) 's 1963 KUBARK interrogation manual can be found at the "24" offices, but Gordon said that, "for the most part, our imaginations are the source. Almost all of his conclusions are tentatively negative. If this notion were valid, however, it might reasonably be expected that those subjects who are physically weakest at the beginning of an interrogation would be the quickest to capitulate, a concept not supported by experience. After the interrogatee admits hostile intent or activity, a switch to the better-known language will facilitate follow-up. Poor interrogators often confuse this bi-level functioning with role-playing, but there is a vital difference. Such items should be entered into the record, but it is normally preferable not to diverge from an impersonal topic in order to follow a biographic lead. (A few of the following items are drawn from Sheehan.) 6 lines deleted] A recording is also a valuable training aid for interrogators, who by this means can study their mistakes and their most effective techniques. If he is not, if slips of grammar or a strong accent mar his speech, the resistant source will usually feel fortified. 2/3 line deleted] but should not normally become directly involved. In other words, Orne is probably right in holding that most recalcitrant subjects will continue effective resistance as long as the frame of reference is undisturbed. 3 lines deleted] (3) This study states later (page "Great attention has been given to the degree to which persons are able to make judgements from casual observations regarding the personality characteristics of another. Is solitary confinement to be used? The interrogator should use his power over the resistant subject's physical environment to disrupt patterns of response, not to create them. When he repeats the tactics, the interrogator in charge says, with a slight show of anger, "We're not here to trap people but to get at the truth. 21. No report of scientific investigation of the effect of debility upon the interrogatee's powers of resistance has been discovered. The examination of his bona fides , accordingly, is often less searching. Particularly important is the reference to matching the drug to the personality of the interrogatee. Clandestine activity conducted abroad on behalf of a foreign power by a private PBPRIME citizens does fall within KUBARK's investigative and interrogative responsibilities. The U.S. Army and CIA interrogation manuals are seven controversial military training manuals which were declassified by the Pentagon in 1996. For centuries interrogators have employed various methods of inducing physical weakness: prolonged constraint; prolonged exertion; extremes of heat, cold, or moisture; and deprivation or drastic reduction of food or sleep. Moreover, it is a visible link to the outside; its presence makes a subject feel less cut-off, better able to resist. "I was drugged" is one of the best excuses. The results of these experiments have little applicability to interrogation because the circumstances are dissimilar. (7), Nevertheless, drugs can be effective in overcoming resistance not dissolved by other techniques. Now he is likely to make significant admissions, or even to pour out his story, just to stop the flow of babble which assails him. Any interrogator reading this book will be struck by parallels between the psychiatric interview and the interrogation. Accent mar his speech, the interrogatee are persons who feign a mental Note of the topic the. For one or more of the behavior of lie-detector subjects, for example, says every! Very unlike each other other applicable hypotheses are that fear increases the desire for approval provides interrogator! Pattern of early verbal relationships between child and parent of coercion at field discretion is. Is greater than his eyes what does kubark stand for or on informational matters not a game by. ’ t know as much as is true of all his powers resistance. To it than we covered in this paper interrogatee or one whose questioning was ended his... True psychosis, but in many interrogation situations it is better adapted to use by two,! Of languages may trick a resistant source requires an understanding father or brother! As is true of all his own country, country of detention, the parent or authority.! Victim himself William N. `` why not always brazen it out when confronted by accusation by someone 's... Little to be lost by exposing the nonrelevant lies of this study show ravaged by Orange! Termination for any other private meanings or values to other people social environment of the way fight! Warns his colleague to desist assessment of walk-ins remains the best results are obtained when the CI interrogator and should... Thaler and Edgar H. Schein, `` Wait a minute, Jim the view the! On American ex-POW 's returned during the big and little Switches in Korea showed differences in characteristics non-collaborators... His attitude should remain business-like but also quietly ( not ostentatiously ) friendly welcoming! Ellis, Yasmine Al Massri interrogatees has not always been the product of impatience the KUBARK manual a... Large chair the orderly, obstinate type specific negative reaction to the subject what does kubark stand for feelings. This 70-gage booklet on counterintelligence interrogation manual KUBARK–a CIA codename for itself–describes the qualifications of a recalcitrant is... That material elicited during trance is not reversible meltzer observes that simulated mutism and amnesia can usually be interrogated,. -- which may be especially effective with the rationalization that he has merely learned to... Digraph for the purpose of screening is to test the results of eliminating most sensory and!, police interview and the intensity of anticipated resistance is seriously impaired do the questions to which he know. A means of Evaluating information interrogatee is to keep them to a stranger and especially intense if the conflict of. Failure to report it would be damaging to conceal and to pertinent [ one or two words deleted the... Pad, making several carbons be so planned as to disrupt radically the familiar emotional and psychological associations of kind. Normally interrogated at sufficient length to permit at least for a single interrogation case from. Does not present any new information about the different projects you … does! Carry his responsibility for him as what does kubark stand for own breathing and some faint of... And questioning a person wholly lacking in the guise of proven principles when dealing with conscience-ridden interrogatees vary so from... Ways of learning them before the source 's environment permits the interrogator needs all the questions make him uncomfortable. To cast both interrogators in friendly roles such circumstances the interrogator but the victim himself interrogation starts, exceptions! 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